According to a study from the Center for Disease Control, nearly one-third of the adult population in the United States was clinically obese in 2000. That was a 200% increase over a 20 year span. Further, the organization states that there are more than 300,000 deaths caused each year that can directly be attributed to obesity and lack of physical activity. Yet, many people strive to do something about it, as recent weight loss surgery statistics claim that more than 100,000 people have undergone such a procedure in the past year.
What are the bariatric surgery success rates? Keeping in mind that weight loss surgery is a last resort for many people, most experts place the success rate at around 75%, meaning that three out of every four people will find that bariatric surgery succeeds where other diet methods fail. By 18-months after the surgery's completion date, the average patient loses at least half of his or her excess poundage, with some dropping as much as 80% of his or her body weight. When compared to dieting, in which individuals typically lose just one-tenth of their body weight, the gastric bypass and lap band statistics do make it seem as though it offers a much greater opportunity for success.
Yet, there are other bariatric surgery statistics that people considering undergoing this procedure must consider. Roughly 20% of those who undergo a gastric bypass or lap band procedure will require additional surgery to mend complications, ranging from hernias to abdominal abscesses to gastrointestinal leaks and beyond. Three out of every ten patients will ultimately develop nutritional deficiencies such as anemia and osteoporosis, as they may find that the operation makes them intolerant to red meat, milk products, and other food types.
Further, according to the statistics of gastric bypass surgery provided by most doctors, there is nearly a 1% mortality rate associated with the procedure. It is estimated that one in every 100 to 300 people will die as a result of bariatric surgery. Additionally, one out of every four weight reduction surgeries fail, meaning that either the patient is never able to each his or her target weight, or fails to maintain the prescribed diet, thus either undoing the procedure or stretching the gastric pouch to a much larger size than was intended. Recall all of this data when considering whether or not bariatric surgery is right for you.
BARIATRIC SURGERY: DOES THE RISK OUTWEIGH THE REWARD?
Many overweight and obese people -- especially those who for whom maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and using weight loss inducing medication are either impractical, ineffective, or difficult to maintain -- have been turning to Bariatic Surgery, hoping for a quick solution to a lifelong problem. However, there are numerous possible side effects of weight loss surgery that need to be considered individually before committing to the procedure.
In fact, one of the foremost complications of Bariatric Surgery is the possibility that it may result in death. According to most experts, fatalities occur in about one out of every 100 people that have the procedure, and is more likely among those with unusually high Body Mass Indexes (BMI) or other serious pre-existing medical conditions. In cases where patient death occurs, the cause can usually be tied to the occurrence of one or more additional complications after Bariatric Surgery, such as a pulmonary embolism or a leak from the gastrointestinal tract.
Gastrointestinal leaks are a major Bariatric Surgery risk. When a leak occurs, it means that the connection between the bowels and the stomach was not properly sealed or stapled. This may cause material from the bowels to seep back into the stomach or abdominal area, thus causing infection and major health complications. Bariatric Surgery results in this condition roughly 1% of the time, and while not common, it is most certainly a life-threatening condition. When doctors expect their may be a possible leak, or if the patient begins to feel symptoms that can be linked to such an infection, emergency surgery may be required.
In fact, complications to Bariatric Surgery result in the need for additional surgery in about one out of every five patients who undergo the procedure. Some of the other possible Bariatric Surgery complications include bowel obstruction, the formation of stricture, the formation of stomach ulcers, abdominal bleeding, pneumonia, the formation of gallstones and abdominal hernias. Individually, there is a 1% to 5% chance that any of these weight loss surgery complications will occur within a given patient, although as mentioned earlier, there is a 20% chance that at least one of these Bariatric Surgery risks will occur within a particular individual.
Should the procedure is a complete success; there is still another possible, long-term Bariatric Surgery complication that might arise over time -- malnutrition. If the patient fails to follow the dietary plan provided by his or her doctor, they could wind up deficient in protein, vitamins or minerals. In fact, according to information provided by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, as many as 30% of those who undergo Bariatric Surgery could wind up with serious nutritional deficiency disorders, including anemia and osteoporosis. Complicating matters it the fact that the body may develop and intolerance to certain foods, including milk and beef, following weight loss surgery.